## Heidelberg Laurate Forum 2016

I went to the 4th Heidelberg Laureate Forum and it was amazing. I encourage my students to apply and I am sure they will have a wow experience about how mathematics really is. Here is some of my thought about HLF 2016.

1. What an amazing tour, at a wonderful place.

I had an amazing experience, meeting with a lot of laureates, a lot of young and energetic researchers. We discuss a lot of things with one common thing which is mathematics. The meeting place could not have been better and Heidelberg is just perfect.

2. Mathematics meets his little own brother, computer science.

In this event, we did not only talk about math, we also talk about computer science which is so much younger than mathematics.

3. Frontier between mathematics and computer science is not a fixed boundary, but it is actually an intersection.

Sir Michael Atiyah said this during the workshop. Read many Atiyah quotes here.

4. Fermat last theorem

We saw the boy who is fascinated by Fermat’s last theorem. He solved it in 1994 and won the Abel’s prize.

5. Euler proof of infinite prime

I like this proof of infinite prime and he solved it in the eighteenth century.

6. Deep learning perhaps should’t be named deep learning

Noel Sharkey mentioned that machine learning is nothing like learning, instead, it is a statistical parameter optimization.

7. Sometimes when you want to make things tidy, you find a new knowledge. This is what happens in tensor analysis. Vladimir Voevodsky had an idea to help verifying mathematical profs by computers and preserve intimate connection between maths and human intuition. He called this unimath.

8. Something wrong in computer science education. Leslie Lamport cricitized computer science education as some of computer scientist did not understand the abstraction he made during the talk. He also said “Not every programming languages are as bad as C, but all prevent you from getting to a superior level of abstraction, he proposed Pluscal.”

9. I think Barbara Liskov is the only woman participating as the laureate in this forum. Wondering how many women have won Turing, Abel or Fields medal.

10. The last talk I remember was from Heisuke Hironaka, Fields Medalist in 1970. He gave many advises and one of those are “Time is expensive, use it well”, ” You learn from your mates more than from your teacher” and” I want to write a book dedicated to my wife ” which was sweet.

I think that is all I can write. I really enjoy my experience in this forum. And now let’s end our journey at Heidelberg castle.

## Files output in C++

All the programs that we normally use inputs from keyboard and give outputs on the screen. However, in a large scale computation, this situation is not effective. Thus, I have learnt how to produce outputs to a file, so that it can handle a large amount of data. I learned this back in 2007 and I have already forgotten about this code. Now, if I forget about this I know where to look.

Below I wrote a bit of source code that has to be compiled in C++. This program evaluates the exponential of a number from 0 to 3 using four different ways. The first three are using the Taylor polynomial of degree 1, 2 and 3 and the fourth way is using the built in exponential function from C++ itself. The output of this program is a file called “data.dat” that consists of five columns of numbers that can be used for plotting or other programs.

`#include <iostream>`

#include <fstream>

#include <cmath>

using namespace std;

double taylor(double x, int n);

int factorial(int n);

int main()

{

double number;

ofstream out_stream;

out_stream.open("data.dat");

for (number = 0 ; number <= 3.01 ; number = number + 0.01) {

out_stream << number << " ";

out_stream << taylor(number,1) << "\t";

out_stream << taylor(number,2) << "\t";

out_stream << taylor(number,3) << "\t";

out_stream << exp(number) << "\n";

}

out_stream.close();

return 0;

}

double taylor(double x, int n)

{

double y=1;

for(int k=1; k<=n; k++)

{

y = y + pow(x,k)/factorial(k);

}

return y;

}

int factorial(int n)

{

if (n <= 1)

return 1;

else

return n*factorial(n-1);

}

## Your says